|Beit Alpha,. 6th Century CE|
The astronomical area of Taurus is considered the richest side of the Milky Way for it contains some of the most noted and popular stars, such as the bright Aldebaran, the eye of the bull, Orion, the most visible constellation, and the Pleiades, the oldest and most admired cluster. The observation of these stars is documented since the dawn of mankind and includes also various biblical references, for instance: “He who made the Pleiades and Orion And changes deep darkness into morning, Who also darkens day into night, Who calls for the waters of the sea And pours them out on the surface of the earth, The Lord is His name.” (Amos 5:8)
In ancient times the starry firmament constituted the major setting for wisdom and guidance, especially as regards the understanding of God’s will and the mysteries of life. The sky was the current equivalent of scriptures, yet also of libraries, cinema, internet or television. It provided data concerning every aspect of existence, from the most mundane to the most sacred.
This is why astrology is considered the oldest source of information, preceding any other method used by mankind to attain knowledge. Yet this does not mean that astrology per se provides knowledge. Similarly to the internet, it merely offers a structure, which can either be used to promote wisdom or ignorance, reality or illusion. This also applies to shamanism, or astroshamanism, as we call it, which can be described as the experiential application of astrology and the most ancient operative attitude to pursue knowledge.
With shamanism the seeker establishes a direct connection with the information derived from astrology, verifying on the spot the territory described by the starry map. Astrology offers maps, while shamanism uses them experientially. And again, astrology and shamanism can sponsor wisdom or ignorance, light or darkness, depending on whether the intent of the seeker is based on separation or unity, fear or love.
As a result, throughout history, astrology and shamanism have been used in most controversial ways. This is also the case for all religious and spiritual paths, philosophies and thought systems, modern and ancient, all originally stemming from astrology and shamanism, i.e. astroshamanism.
In this article I intend to briefly introduce some theories on the Christian associations with astrology, and in particular the conjecture called Gospel in the Stars. The matter is rather complex and I am only treating some of its aspects. For further information you can refer to the links provided in the text and other readings.
According to the theory of the Gospel in the Stars, before written languages became accessible to human beings, the Gospels, and God’s message to mankind, were marked in the sky. Only later, they were translated in words and given form through scriptures. This theory claims that the original meaning of the Gospel, which abided in the visible sky, was then distorted by the Babylonians, probably following the aftermath of the Tower of Babel episode as described in Genesis, and later by other pagan cultures, until the canonical Christian scriptures finally translated it in written form.
This view, although apparently most ancient, was officially formulated in 1863 by Frances Rolleston in Mazzaroth, i.e. the Hebrew word for the 12 signs of the Zodiac, and later by E.W. Bullinger in Witness of the Stars and Joseph Seiss, in Gospel in the Stars. In recent times the theory has been promoted, especially by Dennis James Kennedy, one of the most popular American televangelists, with The Real Meaning of the Zodiac, Thomas Horn in The Gods That Walk Among Us, and other Christian ministers.
These authors acknowledge that no matter how far back we go, all cultures have the same signs of the zodiac and sky as the main reference for knowledge. Their core assumption is that the perfect revelation of God was already available in the stars since the beginning and went lost only after the fall, which is also an event described by all cultures. As a result the original revelation was gradually distorted as separation took over. Satan turned people away from the real God by faking the original truth and leading mankind to worshipping the stars and their deities, instead of seeing them as a heavenly map created by God to communicate the truth. The menu became the meal and this set off an age of human spiritual starvation.
|Zodiac Tiles, Canterbury Cathedral|
This is why in the Bible there are many injunctions against astrology and no explicit reference to the Gospel in the stars. Once the scriptures became available, the wisdom in the stars was kept secret, in order to avoid misunderstanding and proliferation of idolatry. Due to this a lot of caution is required in retrieving the original message of the stars. Promoters of this theory concur that the biblical scriptures already contain this message, yet they also maintain that the stars may add to this message and in some way make it richer and deeper.
Detractors of the above thesis point out that there is no scriptural evidence to sustain the connection between the stars and the Bible. They accept that before the Bible was produced and also later, when written languages were still not easily accessible, the patriarchs may have used the stars as a vehicle to transmit scriptural information. Yet, they also underline that since this method is much inferior compared to the word, once the Bible was finally revealed, the Gospel in the stars ended its purpose.
In The Gospel and the Zodiac, Bill Darlison, Senior Minister of the Dublin Unitarian Church, provides an apparently antithetic perspective to the theory of the Gospel in the Stars. He suggests that the Gospels are esoteric, rather than historical accounts, and that their stories are symbolic representation of a much more arcane and genuine wisdom found in the stars. In his book he argues that Christianity draws from a much further ancient message, which besides being the core essence of all world religions is basically unrelated with the prejudices of current traditional doctrines. Instead of the stars being merely a transcription of the genuine message of the Bible, here it is actually the Bible that comes out as a transcription of the original wisdom provided by the stars.
“The zodiac was the ancient picture book, and storybook, of the human race. The shapes perceived there are not the products of arbitrary ‘dot joining’, but represent universal and archetypal symbols of human spiritual awareness which have, over millennia, issued in both mythological and religious forms of expression. So, the story of Perseus is not a ‘corruption’ of the story of Christ’s victory over evil (as Seiss supposed), it is just another expression of the universal longing for redemption which lies behind the Christian myth, too.” (p.46)
Bill Darlison sustains that the Gospels (in particular Matthew, Luke and Mark) are the esoteric transcription in Jewish categories of an earlier zodiacal document. He illustrates his view by analyzing the Gospel of Mark, the earliest of the Gospels, whose astrological structure has been known since the dawn of Christianity. This Gospel is divided into sections bearing the characteristics of the twelve zodiac signs and set in their natural order from Aries to Pisces. Its aim is to lead the seeker on an initiatory path of self-transformation based on the cycle of the zodiac, which basically follows the same structure of astroshamanic training. The sections are given in the paragraph below:
ARIES 1:1-3:35 (baptism of Jesus, beginning of ministry, sense of urgency, daring defiance) TAURUS 4:1-4:4 (parable of growth, agricultural imagery). GEMINI 4:35-6:29 (theme of duality, double miracle, apostles sent out in twos). CANCER 6:30-8:26 (theme of nurture, attack on traditions, food and stomach concerns). LEO 8:27-9:29 (transfiguration, glory). VIRGO 9:30-9:50 (teaching on humility, little children, warning against passivity). LIBRA 10:1-10:31 (teaching on marriage, story of rich young man). SCORPIO 10:32-10:52 (teaching on power, death and rebirth themes, jealousy). SAGITTARIUS 11:1-11:26 (Jesus as ‘Centaur’, teaching on faith). CAPRICORN 11:27-12:44 (teaching on authority, encounters with authority figures). AQUARIUS 13:1-14:16 (apocalyptic transformation, progress, the Man Carrying a Jar of Water). PISCES 14:17-16:18 (Betrayal, suffering, sacrifice, death, resurrection).
Many scholars in the course of history have provided much evidence that Christianity is in essence an astrotheology (click here for further details) or that, as Thomas Paine put it, “the Christian religion is a parody on the worship of the sun, in which they put a man called Christ in place of the sun, and pay him the adoration originally payed to the sun". Yet Bill Davison’s aim, far from debunking Christianity, is to emphasize its true mystery and vital dynamic character.
For Bill Darlison, the Gospel is written in an astrological code, which once deciphered radically transforms the understanding of the original nature and function of the scriptures. In his view, as also the Gnostics concur, the Gospel is an allegory of the cycle of the Sun from its birth in Aries to its death in Pisces, symbolically reflecting the path of the initiate towards liberation. Hence “the attempt to establish historical credentials for the Jesus story came some time after the story itself originated in the fertile imagination of some esoteric group, whose poetic account of the spiritual journey was transformed into history by people who had either misunderstood the story, or who were motivated by more cynically pragmatic political or ecclesiastical considerations.” (p. 8).
The thesis that the Gospel is a mythical and esoteric account, rather than a historical narrative, does not discount the Christian message. On the contrary it liberates it from the awkwardness of having to defend the historical authenticity of incidents which Davison considers very unlikely. Although Christianity thrives on the peaks of spirituality achieved by its mystics and their awareness of the original esoteric message, as the author quoting Aldous Huxley points out, it has never been “liberated from its servitude to historical fact” and has “remained a religion in which the pure Perennial Philosophy has been overlaid. Now more, now less, by an idolatrous preoccupation with events and things in time – events and things regarded not merely as useful means, but as ends intrinsically sacred and indeed divine.” As a result those who are not concerned with the historical elements and view the story of Jesus in its inner essence still continue to be ostracised by the Christian orthodoxy.
In his book Darlison explores the twelve zodiac signs from an esoteric Christian perspective and according to the Gospel of Mark, extrapolating the spiritual lessons for each sign. As regards Taurus, which in Mark includes the brief section from 4:1 to 4:4, the opening parable is the story of the farmer in Mark 4:3-9 who sows his seed.
The above exemplifies the necessity of using the “Taurean virtues of endurance and stability, in addition to the Arien ones of enthusiasm and vigour… This is a warning that the spiritual impulse alone is not enough. The desire may be sown in the heart, but without adequate nurture it will easily be destroyed… The spiritual life requires perseverance and tenacity, the two most striking Taurean qualities.” On the other hand, what jeopardises the expression of these qualities is the shadow side of Taurus, i.e. the conformity with the world and its separated values, its possessiveness and attachment to the material world.
These are the thorns that choke the seed, or in other Mark’s Gospel words, “the worries of the world, and the deceitfulness of riches, and the desires for other things enter in and choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful.” (Mark 4:19)
© 2010 Franco Santoro, firstname.lastname@example.org. All rights reserved.
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